The following registers are implemented within the M3SE FPGA:
Port 0xC0 (RO): Adapter Status Bit 7 - Drive 0 hardware write protect (always 0) Bit 6 - Drive 1 hardware write protect (always 0) Bit 5 - Drive 2 hardware write protect (always 0) Bit 4 - Drive 3 hardware write protect (always 0) Bit 0 - IDE interrupt status Port 0xC1 (R/W): Adapter Control Bits 7:5 - No function Bit 4 - Software reset (not implemented) Bit 3 - Device enable (not implemented) Bits 2:1 - No function Bit 0 - IDE interrupt enable Port 0xC2 (RO): Adapter Presence Detect Bits 7:0 - Constant 0x01 Port 0xC3 (R/W): IDE Data MSB Bits 7:0 - IDE data most significant byte Port 0xC4 (R/W): Hard Disk Image Select Bits 6:1 - Cylinder set select (IDE cylinder number MSB bits 7:2) Bit 0 - Head set select (IDE head number bit 3)
The "head set select" bit in port 0xC4 resets to 0 if DIP switch 1 is in the OFF position, and 1 if the switch is in the ON position, providing a means of selecting which image (0 or 1) is booted at system powerup or reset.
The following registers are, except as noted, implemented within the IDE devices--usually CF cards, in the case of M3SE:
Port 0xC6 (R/W): IDE Alternate Status (Read), Device Control (Write) Port 0xC7 (RO): IDE Drive Address Port 0xC8 (R/W): IDE Data LSB Bits 7:0 - IDE data least significant byte Port 0xC9 (R/W): IDE Error Status (read), Features (write) Port 0xCA (R/W): IDE Sector Count Bits 7:0 - IDE sector count Port 0xCB (R/W): IDE Sector Number - 1 Bits 7:0 - IDE sector number - 1
When writing to port 0xCB, the M3SE adds one to the value sent to the IDE device. When reading port 0xCB, M3SE subtracts one from the value presented to the TRS-80. This provides maximum compatibility with the RSHARD MFM hard disk drivers from the RSHARD1 package, since MFM sector numbers start at 0 but IDE sector numbers start with 1.
Port 0xCC (R/W): IDE Cylinder Number LSB Bits 7:0 = Cylinder number least significant byte Port 0xCD (R/W): IDE Cylinder Number MSB Bits 7:2 - See below Bits 1:0 - Cylinder number most significant byte bits 1:0
When writing to port 0xCD, bits 7:2 of the value sent to the IDE device are taken from port 0xC4 bits 6:1. This allows LDOS to access multiple hard disk images with IDE cylinder numbers beyond 1023. When reading port 0xCD, the cylinder number MSB returned by the selected IDE device is passed intact to the TRS-80.
Port 0xCE (R/W): IDE Drive/Head Bits 7:5 - Should read constant 0x5 (IDE ECC/sector size parameters) Bit 4 - Select secondary (slave) drive Bit 3 - See below Bits 2:0 - Head number bits 2:0
When writing to port 0xCE, bit 3 of the value sent to the IDE device--bit 3 of the head number--is taken from port 0xC4 bit 0. This allows LDOS to access multiple hard disk images with head numbers in the 8-15 range. When reading port 0xCE, the IDE drive/head value returned by the selected IDE device is passed intact to the TRS-80.
Port 0xCF (R/W): IDE Status (Read), Command (Write)
The IDE interrupt signal is routed to the TRS-80, allowing interrupt-driven hard drive access. Before enabling the interrupt, you must have an interrupt service routine in place. The service routine must clear the interrupt source (normally by reading the IDE Status register at port 0xCF) before returning.
Alternatively, IDE interrupt status can be polled at port 0xC0 bit 0.
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